It’s not your imagination. Ticks and tick-borne illnesses are showing up in the news a lot these days. Unfortunately, it’s because more people are getting sick, and new diseases are showing up where they weren’t found before. A recent study by the CDC found the number of cases of disease transmitted by ticks and mosquitos tripled between 2004 and 2016. In that same time frame, seven new types of tick-borne illness were found with the potential to infect people in the United States.
There are several possible reasons for these increases. For example, changing weather patterns have allowed ticks to live in areas that used to be too cold for them to survive. Additionally, air travel along with a lack of effective vaccines has allowed these diseases to keep spreading.
Ticks can spread pathogens when they pierce the skin and insert a tube in order to feed. Experts agree preventing tick bites has become increasingly important. If bitten, removing the tick within 48 hours greatly reduces the risk of getting sick. Learn how to keep ticks out of your yard and off your family in this article from Rainbow Pest Experts.
Tips for Tick Safe Landscaping
- Avoid having tick-friendly habitats such as long grass or damp areas with leaf clutter near your home.
- Create a buffer between wooded areas and your yard.
- Keep your lawn and walking paths mowed short.
In addition to taking steps to keep ticks out of your yard:
- Wear long clothes.
- Use an EPA-registered repellent.
- Treat camping and hiking gear.
- Use a tick repellant recommended by your veterinarian on pets.
Tick Diseases Found in Minnesota
- Lyme Disease is the most commonly diagnosed tick-borne illness in Minnesota. The black-legged tick (better known as the deer tick) carries it.
- Anaplasmosis is less common and also carried by deer ticks.
- Other diseases less commonly found in Minnesota include Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Ehrlichiosis, and Powassan Virus Disease.
- Visit the Minnesota Department of Health’s Tick-borne Diseases page for a full list.
Common Symptoms of Tick-Borne Illness
Not everyone will experience the same symptoms. Your care provider will also need to know where you’ve traveled to determine which type of tick may have bitten you. The CDC lists these common symptoms:
- Fever and/or chills
- Aches and pains—joint pain is common in Lyme disease
- Rash that may be distinct according to the disease—Lyme disease features a bulls-eye rash
The CDC estimates there are 300,000 cases of Lyme disease diagnosed each year in the United States, while only 35,000 confirmed cases actually get reported. Lyme disease comes from the black legged tick (commonly known as the deer tick).
If You Get Bitten
Remove the tick using clean, fine-tipped tweezers.
- Grip the tick as closely to your skin as possible.
- Pull with steady pressure to avoid twisting and tearing off the head, which will leave mouth parts stuck under your skin.
- If any part of the head remains under the skin, leave it to heal. Don’t try to dig it out.
- Clean and disinfect the area.
- To properly dispose of the tick, flush it down the toilet, wrap it tightly in a sealed bag or with tape, or submerge it in alcohol—don’t crush it.
If you develop symptoms or feel sick, contact your care provider.
- Be sure to tell them when you were bitten and where you were. This will help determine which types of ticks and illnesses you may have been exposed to.
- Keep a good record of when symptoms began, including monitoring for fever, chills and other symptoms.
- If left untreated, many tick-borne illnesses progress causing worse physical damage.